Artist: Utagawa Toyokuni II (二代目歌川豊国)

Print: Night Rain at Ōyama (大山夜雨): View of the Summit above the former Fudō Temple (従前不動頂上之図) - from Eight Views Of Famous Places (名所八景) - Ōyama ya-u: Juzen Fudō chojo no kei - Meisho hakkei

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Dates: 1830s,created
Dimensions: 14.75 in,10.0 in,Overall dimensions
Medium: Japanese woodblock print

Signature: Toyokuni hitsu
Publisher: Iseya Rihei (Marks 01-122)

Related links: Metropolitan Museum of Art; British Museum; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Adachi Museum of Art; Royal Ontario Museum; Google maps; Art Institute of Chicago; Ishikawa Prefectural Museum of Art; Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Culture History;

Physical description:

There is another copy of this print in black and white in Traditional Woodblock Prints of Japan by Seiichiro Takahashi, 1973 edition, p. 128.

The text on page 127 says: "In the print market today such landscape scenes of his as Oyama Yau (Evening Rain on Mount Oyama), which appears in Figure 137 and is from the set Meisho Hakkei command higher prices than his prints of beautiful woman. This print is said to have been much influenced by Hokusai's Red Fuji..."


Also illustrated:

1) in color in Japanese Prints: Images of the Floating World, Barry Davies Oriental Art, #63, illustrated on p. 87.

2) color in The Printer's Eye: Ukiyo-e from the Grabhorn Collection, 2013, #127, p. 145, text on page 188.

Laura Allen wrote: "Toyokuni II's memorable 'Night Rain over Ōyama: View of the Summit of the Former Fudō Temple" is one of a set of eight prints depicting famous places in Kanagawa Prefecture. Mt. Ōyama lies at the southwest end of the Tanzawa mountain range, where frequent rain and mist conferred on it the nickname "Rainfall Mountain" (Afuriyama). An ancient sacred site, Ōyama has both a Buddhist temple at its base, and a Shinto shrine atop the summit. Steep stone stairways lead from Ōyama-dera, dedicated to the esoteric Buddhist deity Fudō Myōō, to Afuri Jinja, where the Shinto deity Sekison Daigongen is enshrined.

A popular pilgrimage site throughout the Edo period, the mountain was thronged with religious devotees during the three-month period each year when climbing to the peak was permitted. In the print, Ōyama is shown in the midst of a torrential downpour. A few hardy pilgrims have already ascended to a point above the rooftop of the temple gate: farther up a few others, led by a many carrying a symbolic wooden sword (ōkitachi), climb toward the lower shrine. The main shrine buildings are just visible at the top of the mountain, high above. At the left, shrouded in the mist, is a familiar conical peak of Mt. Fuji."

3) In a small black and white detail in The Sakai Collection: Ukiyo-e-gaku by Gankow Sakai, 1978, p. 94, #461.


There are other copies of this print in the collection at Oberlin College and the Minneapolis College of Art and Design.