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Actor: Ichikawa Ebijūrō I (初代市川鰕十郎)

Alternate names:
Shikaku (poetry name - 市鶴)
Shinshō (poetry name - 新升)
Ichikawa Ichizō I (初代市川市蔵)
Ichinokawa Ichizō (市野川市蔵)

Lifetime: 1777 - 1827

Related links: Kabuki21; [Kabuki theater terms};

Biography:

“Ichikawa Ebijūrō I (1777-1827) was also known by his pen name Shinshō and his art name Sankitei. His clan sobriquet (yago) was Harimaya. Initially a disciple of Danzō IV using the name Ichizō, he later became a student of the great Ichikawa Danjūrō VII in Edo, through the introduction of Utaemon III (Shikan). In 1815 Danjūrō awarded him the acting name Ebijūrō (derived from Danjūrō’s two name Ebizō and Danjūrō) and the pen name (haimyō) Shinshō, which takes a character from Danjūrō’s own pen name Sanshō. After seven years in Edo, he returned to Osaka in the tenth month, 1815, to re-launch his career as a rough, villain-role specialist (jitsuaku, katakiyaku). He mostly played opposite Shikan, but also performed with Rikan I and Rikan II.”

Quoted from: Kabuki Heroes on the Osaka Stage: 1780-1830, entry by C. Andrew Gerstle, University of Hawai’i Press, 2005, p. 21.

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This actor held this name from 9/1815 until his death in 7/1827. Born in Osaka he began acting under the influence of Ichikawa Danzō IV (1745-1808) who gave him the stage name Ichikawa Ichizō I. His son became Ichikawa Ebijūrō II (1806-29), a man represented in three prints in the Lyon Collection. His grandson was Ichikawa Ichizō III (1833-65).

In the winter of 1799 he began performing in the official sanctioned theaters. Before that he had performed as a child either in minor theaters in Osaka or on stages near temples and shrines. In 6/1808 he was one of a group of actors that started performing in Nagoya. On 9/10/1808 his master died and Ichizō (later Ebijūrō) replaced him in the role of Satō Masakiyo.

Ichikawa Ebijūrō I was a talented tachiyaku actor, who was trained by Ichikawa Danzō IV and achieved fame for himself in both Edo and Kamigata. He excelled in large-scale tachimawari and hayagawari techniques.

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